Hemp (Cannabis) is a plant species in the hemp family. It is among the oldest types of useful and ornamental plants in the world and can be called a true “all-rounder” thanks to its versatility.
It is particularly valued as a renewable resource for textiles, paper and building materials, but also for the production of high quality food and applications for everyday use.
With increasing interest in the therapeutic potential of CBD, hemp has another opportunity to be one of the most significant plants for mankind.
Hemp vs. marijuana
Hemp and marijuana are two different types of “Cannabis Sativa.” Hemp is mainly cultivated for fiber production, seed harvest and oil production, while marijuana is grown and selected specifically for its high THC content for recreational use.
Commercial hemp contains less than 0.2% THC. Growing it is legal in many countries. The products fit for human consumption from commercial hemp, mainly seeds and oil, are rich in protein, vitamins and fatty acids and are an important source or nutrients. Thanks to its versatility, hemp is used as a raw material for textile and cosmetic products, pet food, paper, building materials and as a biomass fuel.
CBD from hemp
Hemp is naturally rich in Cannabidiol and has a low amount of THC. Just the opposite is true with marijuana: Most types have high amounts of THC and low amounts of CBD.
In Germany and many other countries, hemp with high CBD and lower THC concentration may be grown (under 0.2% in the EU) as commercial hemp. The fibers of the hemp plant can be used here as a raw material for commercial use and other purposes, while the hemp seeds are used for producing hemp seed oil, which is an extremely high quality oil. With increasing interest in the therapeutic potential of CBD there is another possible use for it – extracting cannabinoid from the leaves and flowers blossoms (so-called dual-use or triple-use).